Vegan Baking Substitutions

16 Jan

Here are some substitutions you can make when a baking recipe calls for a non-vegan food item:

Eggs – for leavening, for a light and fluffy finished product (per egg):

  • 1/4 cup silken tofu
  • 1/4 cup apple sauce
  • 1 mashed ripe banana
  • 3 tablespoons pureed fruit
  • 1 tablespoon ground flax seeds + 3 tablespoons water

Eggs – for binding, for a dense and thick finished product (per egg):

  • Ener-G Egg Replacer (follow directions on the box)
  • 2 tablespoons cornstarch + 2 tablespoons water
  • 2 tablespoons water + 1 tablespoon vegetable oil + 1 teaspoon cornstarch
  • 2 tablespoons potato starch + 2 tablespoons water
  • 2 tablespoons instant mashed potatoes
  • 2 teaspoons baking powder + 2 tablespoons water + 1 tablespoon oil

*For the mixtures, make sure to mix well until blended before adding to the recipe

Eggs – for custards (per egg):

  • 1/4 cup silken tofu
  • For just an egg white:  1 tablespoon plain agar powder dissolved in 1 tablespoon water, whipped, chilled, and whipped again

Milk (use equal amounts):

  • Soy milk – for creaminess
  • Almond milk – for sweetness
  • Coconut milk – for thickness and richness
  • Rice milk – for neutrality
  • Oat milk – for neutrality

*Use unsweetened flavors

Sweetened Condensed Milk (to make 14 oz.):

  • 2-1/2 cups soy milk + 6 tablespoons margarine + 1/2 cup sugar + dash of salt:  heat the soy milk until boiling; melt the margarine in a separate pan over medium heat and then add the sugar; once the sugar begins to melt, add the soy milk and salt; boil gently while stirring for about 5 minutes

Buttermilk (per 1 cup):

  • 1 cup unsweetened soy milk + 2 tablespoons lemon juice or vinegar, whisked together until well combined and creamy

Butter (use equal amounts):

  • Margarine (only use full-fat, not light)
  • Vegetable or olive oil, frozen or refrigerated until solid and opaque

[These substitution suggestions were taken from the PETA Vegan Baking Cheat Sheet as well as The Food Matters Cookbook by Mark Bittman]

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2 Responses to “Vegan Baking Substitutions”

  1. anotherberkeleyvegan March 29, 2012 at 10:55 pm #

    Thanks, this is really helpful! I’m always forgetting these and having to look them up! Nice to have them all in one place…

Trackbacks/Pingbacks

  1. Coconut Tart with Chocolate Smear « The Vegan Cook - January 16, 2012

    […] separated “eggs” made from Ener-G Egg Replacer or a similar substitution for […]

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